Diabetes mellitus (DM) or diabetes is a serious threat to the health development resulting from complications such as blindness, kidney failure, diabetic foot (gangrene) has to be amputated, heart disease, and stroke. According to global status report on NCDs World Health Organization (WHO) in 2010 alone DM was ranked sixth non-communicable diseases (PTM), which became the cause of death.
Efforts to tackle in diabetic as well as the prevention of diabetes complications is by irregular do physical activity (exercise). Exercise is expected to subdue body fitness, lose weight and improve insulin sensitivity, so it can improve blood sugar levels.
According to dr. H. Yahmin Setiawan, MARS, Director Dhuafa Wallet Hospital, as published lkc.or.id, diabetic patients are advised to exercise at least 3 times a week for at least 30 minutes. The recommended sports are aerobic exercise, such as walking, cycling, jogging, and swimming. Sports tailored to the age and physical fitness status of individuals. For patients with diabetes mellitus who are still healthy, exercise intensity can be increased.
However, for patients who have developed complications, exercise can be reduced.
One physical activity on a regular basis is also recommended Gymnastic Movement. To minimize the risk factors for diabetes, there are a few things you need to consider before doing gymnastics diabetes or other training, among others:
- Check your blood sugar before and after any exercise or practice of diabetes on top of the other to see how your body’s response to exercise you do.
- For patients with type I and II diabetes, make sure your blood sugar levels in the figure is less than 250 mg/dL before exercising. Because exercising with blood sugar levels over 250 mg/dL at risk of chetoacidosis which can be life threatening because of a lack of insulin in the blood.
- Warm up and cool each for five minutes.
- Drink plenty of water before, during and after exercise to prevent dehydration.
- To avoid blood sugar levels are too low, prepare something that can quickly raise your blood sugar, such as candy, glucose tablets, or juice.
- Use of shoes and socks that are comfortable and cover the foot.
- Stop your exercise activity when feeling dizzy or short of breath suddenly.
For maximum results and minimize the risk, first consult a doctor before doing a variety of sports activities, both gymnastic exercises diabetes or other support.